Trees, shrubs and vines are all effective, although arbours or trellises should be included for the vine or for espalier shrubs and trees. Locate the deciduous trees where the greatest benefit is derived from the summer's shadow and the winter sun - on the west side to protect the house from noon to sunset. It is also beneficial to plant on the east side to protect the sunrise until noon. Shadow not only structures, but also outdoor rest areas, walls and hardscape landscapes. Pay special attention to shade windows, which are the most vulnerable to heat gain. Shading air conditioners can reduce the temperature of the air inside the house, but be sure to allow sufficient airflow around the unit.
Our sensory experience also changes when the height of the aerial plane rises or falls with the canopy of trees, with steps or paths going up and down in the horizontal ground plane, and with the gradual transition that occurs when we move from a completely closed environment. Examples of aerial plans include canopies, suspended structures, awnings and parasols. In Figure 19-12, the head plan is drawn by a continuous lattice with a repeating pattern inspired by the carrots. The lattice that creates the air plane includes a colored plexiglass that projects a colorful reflection on the bridge.
If you own a home, you probably did some landscaping. You probably have a lawn, and maybe some trees, shrubs or a garden. You also probably have a fence around all or part of your property. Did you know that these items can be covered by your home insurance policy? How much does it cost to replace a tree struck by lightning, or even simply to remove the debris from your garden? This can be very expensive and it's not what most of us think before it happens.
This is a major problem as the average American home consumes 70 million BTUs a year. In fact, taken together, US households account for 22% of total energy consumption and nearly 22% of carbon dioxide emissions (1.19 billion metric tons). A management consulting firm, has found that energy consumption in the United States could be reduced by 23%. in 2020 thanks to simple measures of energy efficiency. While homeowners can take low-cost steps to improve the insulation of their homes and improve their energy efficiency, the landscape is often not not considered part of the problem ... or the solution.
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