Limit the amount of impermeable surfaces that collect heat and increase stormwater runoff. Consider using a permeable paving system - such as gravel or pavers that have open centers to plant grass - for patios, alleys and alleys to promote infiltration, improve drainage and limit runoff (Figure 19-46). Choose energy-efficient building materials. Remember that light pollution is a problem in urban and suburban areas and even affects migratory birds, moths and butterflies.
These areas should be considered as "undrained areas". Utilities must be marked when developing the base plan because some design decisions may be based on the location of the lines. The service must return and mark again before landscape installation if the lines are gone. Figure 19 - 31 is an example of what can happen when utility lines and rights-of-way are ignored by a gardener. Triangulation makes it possible to precisely determine the location of existing trees and shrubs on the property so that they can be marked on the base plan. To triangulate, use two known fixed points.
Figure 19 - 25. There is a wide variety of textures, sizes and leaf colors as well as the variety of hArdscape elements that keep this little space interesting. Figure 19-26. Harmony is seen in this Japanese garden, all the components of the design relate to each other to create a coherent whole. In the first part of this chapter, we presented the principles and concepts that underlie landscaping. In this section, we focus on the mechanics of developing a landscaping plan. The planning of a residential landscape begins with the evaluation of the entire space and the desired overall effect of the final design.
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