If trees are desired near the structure of the house, choose a tree with a small canopy at full growth so that the branches do not interfere with the porch or roof. Placing tall trees in the yard and medium or small trees on the sides and front makes the house stand out (Figure 19-37). The dogwood (Cornus florida), the Japanese flowering apricot (Prunus mume), the Japanese maple (Acer palmatum), the eastern redbud (Cercis canadensis), the deaf wood (Oxydendron arboretum) and the lettuce (Amelanchier) are examples of small trees in the canopy.
Try to provide enough space for each activity in a given area of use. Using another layer of tracing paper glued to the plot, note these areas of use. Drawing bubbles to indicate areas of use on the overlay allows you to freely define spaces for each activity (Figure 19-35). The area of public use is usually at the front of the house. Private use or the family area is often at the back of the house.
While a front lawn is a very common feature, consider reducing the area planted with sod. Unless there are designated uses for a lawn area in the front yard, the costs, labor and chemical inputs often involved in the maintenance of a lawn can be avoided by planning a frontal landscape without turf. Incorporate masses of ground coverings or mulched areas into the front landscape to create interesting lines.
Make sure the final plant selections are appropriate for the site and design. For example, choose a large evergreen tree as an indigenous arborvitae cultivar (Thuja occidentalis) and locate several to build a screen or windbreaker. Select tall deciduous trees planted away from the home's foundation on the south and west exposures to mitigate the hot summer temperatures. For shaded areas, consider shade tolerant perennials such as Indian pink (Spigelia marilandica), tiarella cordifolia, white aster (Eurybia divaricatus) and green and gold (Chrysogonum). virginianum) around shade-tolerant evergreen plants. like the Christmas fern (Polystichum acrostichoides) or the anise tree (Illicium floridanum).
If a house has very wide eaves, the plants can be planted under the eaves, but as these plantations are inside the drip line, they should be mulched. To retain moisture and watered during dry weather. Shrubs spaced properly may require a few years to be filled, but when these plantations are mature, they will not be overcrowded. Choosing a plant that is mature enough for planting reduces the need for over-size.
Eco-friendly lighting systems use down-lighting and solar energy, and turn off automatically when they are not needed. Irrigation systems may include precipitation gauges, so they stop automatically when nature provides water. The heartwood of a rot-resistant species, such as soybean, cypress or western red cedar, is ideal for landscaping. . Various outdoor qualities of these woods are available, but all are quite expensive. Pressure treated wood is more economical and can be satisfactory for most wood projects. This wood must meet certain standards for various uses and is marked accordingly.
The paving blocks purchased from Home Depot: Tumbled Plaza Paver Rectangle – Earth Blend SKU: 129-788 Dimension: 8 1/4″ L X 5 1/2″ W X 1 13/16″ H As of May 2013, $1.26 each.