Use symbols on the map to clearly convey plant information and allow for inclusion of details in the design. Figure 19-28 provides commonly used symbols. The trees should be drawn with transparent symbols so that the elements under the canopy of the tree can be seen easily. In contrast, ground covers can be dark or densely drawn because nothing is planted beneath them. Evergreen and deciduous trees and shrubs should be easy to distinguish graphically. The real test of good landscaping is to ask the following two questions: Using the fundamental design principles described at the beginning of this chapter and applying the results of steps 1-5, we can develop the final landscape design plan incorporating the design considerations. and plant selections.
Bridging the foliage to hide the corners will make a house wider and more compact. Evergreen plants are often chosen for foundation planting because they retain their color throughout the year. Deciduous plants also have a lot to offer, as many have interesting foliage, colorful bloom, berries or bark. A combination of evergreen and deciduous shrubs can make an attractive foundation planting. Foundation plantings should not be planted within 1m of the house and tall shrubs should be planted further away if necessary. This distance allows the shrubs to grow sufficiently to keep out of the house and minimize possible damage to shrubs caused by snow falling from the roof.
We begin the design process by determining the needs and desires of the user as well as the environmental and physical conditions of the site. With this information, the desired features - such as trees, shrubs, grass, driveways, parking areas, a vegetable garden, patio, terrace, mailbox, wall of dice tracking, and outdoor lighting - can be organized in a coherent design. Using the following seven steps, we can take a simple and organized approach to develop and implement a landscape that reflects the user's desires and needs and allows for future growth and change. A basic plan is a bird's eye view of the site drawn on a scale.
Residential landscapes are part of a larger landscape and an ecological community. When we design a landscape that respects the environment, we protect the natural elements of the site and treat the landscape as a living system. We plan to reduce inputs of energy, water and materials and avoid the use of toxic or forbidden materials. The following environmentally friendly design techniques and considerations are based on the enhancement of ecosystem services in the landscape. Traditional landscaping often incorporates the removal of all off-site water as quickly as possible. In an ecological design, water is not treated as a waste to capture and transport off-site.
The Northern Sydney Institute has seven campuses conveniently located across the northern metropolitan region of Sydney. Each campus has its own profile of …