We often think of landscaping and planting as synonyms. But landscaping also includes the integration of several important elements of the hardscape landscape, such as walls, patios, outdoor lighting, promenades and bridges. which are an integral part of a design. Although most people rate the success of landscape development in terms of the selection and condition of plant materials, most well-designed landscapes contain a Balance of construction andthe equipment. The carefully designed and executed paved surfaces, fences, walls, airframes and curb materials are attractive, and they can reduce routine maintenance .
And locations. The next step is to determine which layout (geometry) is the most appropriate. The following geometries (curvilinear, rectilinear, rectilinear, radial or arc-tangent) are all based on the same bubble diagram. Note that everything in the bubble diagram stays the same. Only the SHAPE of each element changes. Invisible directives extend out of the building under different angles of different degrees. A grid can be formed using known points on the architecture, such as the corner of the building, the center line of the window or door, and the edge of a porch. Objects placed in the landscape should have a direct geometric relationship with the building and with each other.
The vertical planes create the outer walls, surround the space and serve as a backdrop for improving the other elements of the space. The vertical elements frame some views inside and outside the space and terminate the line of sight. Examples in the landscape include trees, shrubs, walls, fences, lampposts and pillars. The vertical plane is defined by the facades of the buildings that create an exterior corridor. The transition from the ground plane (defined by a lawn or walkway) to the vertical plane is created by the use of curbs, ferns and vines (Figure 19-10). Breaking the space in its elements, the ground plane is defined by the brick walkway.
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