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You gather some friends, break up the grass, lay pavers, add a pergola or a water fountain. Here is! A ho-um court becomes spectacular. The next thing you know, you’re at the home improvement store buying supplies to create your own landscape sensation. Well, before you burn your life savings, I want to share how to landscape with some landscaping lessons for beginners thrown in for good measure. So, let’s start creating the most beautiful courtyard in the neighborhood. I helped to design landscapes for some friends and when I ask about their budget, I always have glassy eyes. Most people will give me a number between $ 200 and $ 500.
The landscaping gives an individual character to the house, which is particularly important in areas where all houses have a similar design. A properly planned landscape can benefit from a property by providing a natural canopy in summer while conserving energy in the winter. Trees and hedges reduce the noise of the road and provide privacy while offering a windbreak against cold winter winds or channeling summer breezes. Landscaping requires an investment of time and money, but there are many rewards like a more enjoyable outdoor environment and increased property value.
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The result may not be attractive and not meet the needs of the family. A good landscaping creates a satisfying environment for the user while saving time, effort and money while benefiting the environment. Figure 19 - 1. Adult size should always be taken into consideration when selecting plants. This tree is much too big for this small front yard, and completely dominates the landscape and the house. These basic concepts underlie the composition of a design: scale, balance, unity, perspective, rhythm and accent. The scale is the proportion between two sets of dimensions - for example, the height and width of a tree relative to a house, or the size of a plant container in relation to an entrance.
The first step in developing a landscape of the house is to draw a scale drawing of the property and the house. It should show all existing buildings, trees, septic system and water, electrical lines (above and below ground), street, sidewalk, slope of the land and the north / south orientation of the property. See Figure 1 Landscape Planning. All distances between objects must be measured accurately. The location of existing doors, windows, driveway and service areas (clotheslines, trash cans, etc.) should be indicated. Using scale drawing, develop a plan for use of the land area.
If trees are desired near the structure of the house, choose a tree with a small canopy at full growth so that the branches do not interfere with the porch or roof. Placing tall trees in the yard and medium or small trees on the sides and front makes the house stand out (Figure 19-37). The dogwood (Cornus florida), the Japanese flowering apricot (Prunus mume), the Japanese maple (Acer palmatum), the eastern redbud (Cercis canadensis), the deaf wood (Oxydendron arboretum) and the lettuce (Amelanchier) are examples of small trees in the canopy.
Figure 19-21b. A cuvillinear arrangement with rounded lines and paths to the elements shown in the bubble diagram Figure 19-21a. Figure 19 – 21c. A rectilinear layout using straight lines and inclined trajectories to represent the elements shown in the bubble diagram. Figure 19-21a. Figure 19-21d. An inclined rectilinear arrangement uses the straight lines of Figure 19-21c but on the diagonal. Simplicity, repetition, line, variety and harmony are used in landscape design to create a visually appealing composition. Simplicity strives to create spaces and not to fill them. “Less is more.”