A lawn-less front yard can be beautiful and inviting, easier to maintain than a lawn and contribute to a sustainable and environmentally friendly landscape (Figure 19-38). When designing areas to be privately used by the family, refer to the needs identified in Step 3. With the pleasant climate of North Carolina, outdoor activities can be enjoyed most of the year. Terraces, patios and terraces must therefore be considered as an integral part of the residential landscape. Outdoor living spaces should be easily accessible to the interior living and cooking areas of the home and should include private areas with attractive views.
Use trees to shade the walls rather than the roof of the house. The branches of trees on the roof spill a bed that clogs the gutters. If heavy limbs fall during a storm, they can damage the house. Create a windbreak by identifying the prevailing winter wind and installing evergreen trees in the wind of the house. A row of trees is effective, but a five-row windbreak with several different species is more effective. The windbreak also serves as a privacy screen. A biodiversity-rich (or screened) windbreak composed of native plants also provides sources of food and shelter for beneficial insects and wildlife, including birds.
Irrigation: I watered the tree for the first summer, but now I do not water at all. Fertilizer: I put organic fertilizer on the last two sources but not this year. Maintenance: I prune the dead branches in the fall and rake the leaves. I also put a layer of compost around the roots each fall. Are there any significant water problems? Yes, we receive stagnant water for a day or two after heavy rush (Figure 19 - 53). What does the floor look like? It is a clay soil, very red. Describe the light. How many hours of sunshine? It is planted in a shady corner of the yard at the corner of the property. This part of the yard receives only 3 to 4 hours of filtered sun per day.
Crop rotation is key to a successful vegetable garden after the first year. It’s also difficult to organize well, particularly if you are growing different amounts of a …